Nkem Nwankwo (12 June 1936 – 12 June 2001) was a Nigerian novelist and poet.
Born in Nawfia-Awka, a village near the Igbo city of Onitsha in Nigeria, Nwankwo attended University College in Ibadan, gaining a BA in 1962. After graduating he took a teaching job at Ibadan Grammar School, before going on to write for magazines, including Drum and working for the Nigerian Broadcasting Corporation.
He wrote several stories for children that were published in 1963 as Tales Out of School; More Tales out of School would follow in 1965.
Writer of short stories and poems, Nwankwo gained significant attention with his first novel Danda (1964), which was made into a widely performed musical that was entered in the 1966 World Festival of Negro Arts in Dakar, Senegal. During the Nigerian Civil War Nwankwo worked on Biafra’s Arts Council and in 1968, in collaboration with Samuel X. Ifekjika, he wrote Biafra: The Making of a Nation. After the civil war, he returned to Lagos and worked on the national newspaper, the Daily Times. His subsequent works included the satire My Mercedes Is Bigger than Yours.
During the 1970s, Nwankwo earned a Master’s and Ph.D. at Indiana University. He also wrote about corruption in Nigeria. He spent the latter part of his life in the US and taught at Michigan State University and Tennessee State University.
He died in his sleep in Tennessee, from complications from a heart imbalance that he had been battling for some years.
- The Scapegoat — 1984 (Enugu: Fourth Dimension Publishers)
- My Mercedes Is Bigger than Yours — 1975
- Danda – 1963 (Lagos: African Universities Press; London: Deutsch, 1964)
- Tales Out of School (short stories; 1963)
- The Gambler, in: Black Orpheus no. 9
- His Mother, in: Nigeria Magazine no. 80, March 1964
- The Man Who Lost in: Nigeria Magazine no. 84, March 1965
- Black Orpheus was an influential literary periodical in Ibadan, founded in 1957 by Ulli Beier, see Bernth Lindfors, Black Orpheus, in: European-language Writing in Sub-Saharan Africa, Vol. 2, John Benjamins Publishing, 1986, pp. 669–679.